Cabernet Sauvignon is one of the world's most widely recognized red vines. Despite its popularity, the variety is relatively young as a result of accidental combination of Cabernet Franc and Sauvignon Blanc during the 17th century in southeastern France. Reason for its widespread popularity is its simplicity and easy adaptability to different climates, terrains, rainfall, sunshine, exposure etc. When there is a suitable climatic condition for the cultivation of any red variety, then you can certainly grow Cabernet Sauvignon.

Cabernet Franc variety is permanently caught in the shadow of its relative Cabernet Sauvignon. Cabernet Sauvignon is probably crossed without human intervention between Cabernet Franc and Sauvignon Blanc .

Quite unlike thermophile Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot grows well in cooler climates. The wines made from Merlot can be soft, fruity with low acidity and low in tannins. Merlot also likes warm climates, but it has the ability to mature very quickly, and with the rapid maturation is losing some of its most essential features.

Pinot noir is an ancient variety, probably bred by humans over 2000 years ago. There is evidence about growing of Pinot Noir in Burgundy in the 4th century AD. The variety is prone to mutations, as shown by the varieties Pinot Blanc, Pinot Gris and Pinot Meunier and to cloning, as evidenced by the countless Pinot Noir clones in France.

Malbec is a red wine grape variety originating from south-west France. Birthplace of the variety is the region of Cahors, which so far is the most widespread variety. In the early twentieth century is one of the most popular varieties in Europe and particularly in France. After a very cold winter of 1956 killed more than 75% of the vines and today appears more significant areas only near Cahors and the Loire Valley in France.

Gewürztraminer has a reddish color of grapes and produces particularly aromatic, spicy and easy to identify white wines. Many novice tasters found that Gewürztraminer is the first and often the only variety that they are able to recognize every time they try it. Variety name is derived from the town of Tramino in South Tyrol, where the existence of wines with this name have been documented since the early 11th century. The prefix "Gewürz" means "spice" in German, but here it is used more for it's flavor than taste.

The origin of Viognier like the most ancient varieties is unknown. Probably comes from Dalmatia and was brought to Rhône by the Romans. There are two theories about the name of the variety. The first godfather of the variety is the town of Vienne in the Rhône Valley, an important Roman garrison. The second states that the name comes from the Roman pronunciation "via Gehennae", meaning "road to hell", which is not so amazing, considering the difficulties in growing the variety.

Chardonnay is the most popular white grape variety in the world. Sugar content of the grape juice is 18 to 22.9 g/100 ml, acids from 11.6 to 8.2 g/l. Its name is associated with some of the most prestigious French white varietal wines originating from Burgundy (Chablis, Côte de Beaune and Macon) and with champagne wines. Champagne wine is made from Chardonnay and high quality white table wines that feature ease freshness taste and fruity flavors. Aging in oak barrels gives the wine a touch of vanilla, smoke and oak.

Dimyat is an old local Bulgarian wine and table grape variety. Grapes ripen later - in the second half of September. It has strong growth, high fertility and high yield. The yield is about 20000 kg per hectare. It thrives on slopes with resin and calcareous soils, but suffers from drought. Resistant to decay, but is sensitive to low winter temperatures.

Riesling is an old white wine grape variety originating from the region of the Rhine and Mosel, Germany. Grapes are with strong flower scents. Medium maturing variety: ripens in the first half of September. It grows well on light gravel soils of hilly terrain in cold areas. Vines have an average growth, high fertility and average yield. With good care it is given around 8000-10000 kg per hectare. Relatively resistant to cold and drought, but is susceptible to gray mold and fungal diseases. It develops noble rot and in suitable conditions in Germany are produced excellent semi-sweet wines, which are considered among the best in the world.

White grape widely used for making wine, and grapes for direct consumption and for the production of raisins. The family of Muscat has hundreds of variations and varieties, differing in color (from white to dark - almost black ) and in size of the grapes. This category vine is one of the most well-known to wine producers around the world for centuries.

Cluster is small (61 to 105 grams) cylindrical-conical to compressed. Grapes are medium-sized, spherical, greenish -yellow, sometimes with rusty stains. The skin is thin, tough. The grape inside is juicy, pleasant taste with a strong flavor.

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